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Enumerate various adaptations of wind pollinated and insect pollinated flowers.

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Adaptations of wind pollinated flowers are as follows:

  • Both the stigmas and anthers are exserted.
  • Pollen grains are dry, very small sized, non-sticky and unwettable, so that they can be carried by wind to long distances.
  • Stigmas is hairy, feathery (grasses) or branched to catch the wind borne pollens.

Pollination by insects is called entomophily, adaptations for insect pollinated flowers are as follows:

  • Insect pollinated flowers produce nectar, which attracts the pollinators for feeding.
  • Some flowers produce edible pollen grains.
  • Flowers are fragrant and emit scent and odour.
  • Flowers are bright coloured.


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