MOTIVATION : The word motivation is derived from the word ‘motive’ which is defined as an active form of a desire, craving or need which must be satisfied.
Motivation is the key to organisational effectiveness. The manager in general has to get the work done through others. These ‘others’ are human assets or resources.
They are to be motivated to work to attain the organisational objectives. Definition Motivation is defined as, “the set of forces that cause people to choose certain behaviours from among the many alternatives open to them”.
“Motivation is the desire within an individual that stimulates him or her to action” – George R. Terry. “The complex of forces starting and keeping a person at work in an organisation” – Robert Dubin. Viteles defines motivation as, “an unsatisfied need which creates a state of tension or disequilibrium, causing the individual to move in a goal directed pattern towards restoring a state of equilibrium, by satisfying the need”.
Motivation is an inner Psychological Force which activates and compels the person to behave in a particular manner.
Motivation process is influenced by personality traits learning abilities, perception and competence of an individual.
Highly motivated employee works more efficiently and his level of production tends to be higher than others.
Motivation originates from the needs and wants of an individual. It is a tension of lacking something in his mind which forces him to work more efficiently.
Motivation is also a process of stimulating and channelising an energy of an individual for achieving set goals. Motivation also plays a crucial role in determining the level of performance. Highly motivated employee will get higher satisfaction which may lead higher efficiency.
Motivating force and its degree, may differ from individual to individual depending on his personality, needs, competence and other factors.
The process of motivation helps the manager in analysing and understanding human behaviour and finding out that how an individual can be inspired to produce desirable working behaviour. Motivation may be positive as well as Negative and Positive motivation.