A long straight wire of radius a carries a steady current \(I\).
in Physics
18 views
3 Votes
3 Votes

A long straight wire of radius a carries a steady current \(I\). The current is iniformly distributed across its cross-section. The ratio of the magnetic fheld at \(\frac{a}{2}\) and \(2 a\) is

(a) \(1: 4\)

(b) \(4: 1\)

(c) \(1: 1\)

(d) \(1: 2\)

in Physics
by
3.8k Points

1 Answer

2 Votes
2 Votes
 
Best Answer

The correct option of this question will be (c).

Solution —

Current density, $J=\frac{I}{\pi a^{2}}$

​​​​​​

From Ampere's circuital law

$\oint \vec{B} \cdot \overrightarrow{d l}=\mu_{0} \cdot I_{\text {enclosed }}$

For $r<a, B \times 2 \pi r=\mu_{0} \times J \times \pi r^{2}$

$\Rightarrow B=\frac{\mu_{0} I}{\pi a^{2}} \times \frac{r}{2}$

At $r=a / 2, B_{1}=\frac{\mu_{0} I}{4 \pi a}$

For $r>a, B \times 2 \pi r=\mu_{0} I \Rightarrow B=\frac{\mu_{0} I}{2 \pi r}$

At $r=2 a, B_{2}=\frac{\mu_{0} I}{4 \pi a}$

So, $\frac{B_{1}}{B_{2}}=1$

by
3.8k Points

Related Questions

3 Votes
3 Votes
1 Answer 8 Views
3 Votes
3 Votes
1 Answer 15 Views

Welcome To Informesia

Informesia Helps You To Prepare India's All States Board Exams (CBSE, ICSE, UP Board, BSEB, HPBOSE, RBSE, MSBSHSE) and Competitive Exam Like JEE (Main + Advanced), AIIMS, NEET, KVPY, NTSE, BITSAT, Olympiad, CLAT...etc.
For Any Query or Suggestion, Please Contact us on :
[email protected]

Connect us on Social Media